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However with your information, I will begin my year with the expanded facility, somewhat relieved that I can plod along as before, likely at an increased pace with the luxury of extra bins. All of the discussions about C:N ratios are weight based, size of leaf pieces don’t matter. Learned by trial and error, but always got batches that I thought must be good for the flower gardens – it just looked and felt like it was a good thing. There is a simple solution to this problem. Maintaining the ideal proportion of green to brown waste (a.k.a. There are always cool ways to do things and the reality is that if you follow all the rules you can make compost faster. I stopped worrying about green and brown ratios a long time ago. If you want to go 100% organic, use some fresh chicken manure or you can pee on the compost pile. However, a lot of people have trouble with the compost. This process turns compost into reusable material, but it’s not all that you need. The browns (shredded prunings, straw, most leaves, etc) are rich in carbon. Based on color it is a brown, but based on nitrogen levels it is a green. Thanks! Thanks! Brown waste is incredibly important to use in your compost piles because it’s rich in carbon. 1) Begin to counter repeatedly the simplistic information about I was doing my usual fall harvest of leaves. That to me would make much better sense than the 30:1 when those numbers mean nothing to me and down right confusing until reading and researching the subject. I remembered reading your piece on C/N rations and I thought that even though the proportions of un-mulched leaves to mulched was dramatically less, the C portion had to be the same. 1) How to Compost – Carbon to Nitrogen Ratios: http://www.planetnatural.com/composting-101/c-n-ratio/. Occasionally I would have to bag lawn grass, so I added to the compost, and found it did get a bit “high” in smell, but that with some turning/aeration, and leaves, etc. weed seeds killed by the “heat”. Does drying out used coffee grinds turn it from nitrogen to carbon? It spreads out on the veggie garden to about two inches deep. - Designed by Thrive Themes Most greens are available in summer. Slight exaggeration here, as I’ve learned over the years that common sense often trumps information overload [or well intended information beyond my understanding]. Good information. An imbalance between these two elements often leads to a smelly compost pile and a slower composting process. What is the rush? If your compost is too dry you need to add water a cup at a time. No easy way. A ratio of about 60% "green" material to 40% "brown" material is ideal, but not essential. When … You don’t need books, thermometers, fancy compost bins, kelp, microbial inoculants, or master composter classes (yes, this is a thing). We had a pound of sugar that got soaked in some grey water so instead of throwing it out I threw it in the compost. Good question. The nutrient-rich soil generated from the composting process will consist in a 10:1 C:N ratio. The excess bacteria die off because of a lack of food. Brown materials have high carbon content. Other than shredded newspaper, I have no easy access to browns. Ideally, the estimated C:N ratio for composting is between 25:1 and 30:1 portions of carbon and nitrogen for a faster composting process. As shown in Table 1, most brown materials have high C:N ratios. If the C:N ratio is off and you can’t get it to balance, you can empty the tumbler and refill it with a mix of the wet pile and fresh carbon materials. Most browns are available in fall. As shown by scientists, there are four conditions that are common for all composting processes: All microorganisms need moisture. Achieving the correct ratio of “green" to "brown” is essential when using a compost tumbler. Thanks Robert, I wasn’t thinking along the same lines. Mix these in a ratio of 2:1, green to … blood meal would speed up decomposition by adding nitrogen. 21 Common Indoor Plant Myths – That Save You Time and Money. Speedy Process & Space-saving:Just close the door, turn it 5-6 times every 2-3 days. You can’t. Other ingredients are also confusing. My First Vegetable Garden – A New Course Offered by University of Guelph Arboretum. I wondered how I had possibly got anything produced in years past, other than through dumb luck – and how fortunate I was not to have permanently scarred and sterilized large sections of our yard, with toxic output from a poor recipe. What is the correct ratio? 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